The Lion and Sun has been the national logo of Iran, which was promulgated as the main emblem of the Iranian flag by Mohammad Shah of Ghajar in 1846.

national logo of Iran

In the ancient Persia, Mitra was the Sun-God, who is born on the night of Yalda (birth), the longest night of the year which is on the eve of the Winter Solstice at 21st of December. The 21st of June, when the sun arrives at the summer solstice, the first day of Taabestan (summer) starts. Taab in Persian means the shine, radiance and light. Thus, Taabestan means the “domain of light” or “shining dominion”. It is at Taabestan that the constellation Leo, appearing but 30° in the lead of the sun, lift Mitra up by his powerful paw to the zenith of glory in the zodiacal arch. The word Zodiac, is derived from Persian Zaadaak, meaning Live-Beings, from the word Zaad, to be born, and suffix of Persian nouns, -aak, denoting adjoining, grouping and so on (khoraak, Pooshaak,) or, as some believe, a diminutive suffix attached to nouns (koodak; pesarak; dokhtarak). It was adopted by Greeks in the form of ζωδιακός (zodiakos), “a circle of animals.” Zaadaak was the name given by the Mitraist astronomers to a band of fixed stars about sixteen degrees wide, apparently encircling the earth. The Mitraist distinguished Leo as the ‘sole house of the sun,’ and taught that the world was created when the sun was in that sign.

national logo of Iran2

Mitraists divided the band of the zaadaak into twelve sections, each being sixteen degrees in width and thirty degrees in length. These divisions were called the Houses of the Zaadaac, they surrounded their caverns of worship by a circle, on which the twelve signs of the zodiac appear. The sun during its annual pilgrimage passed through each of these in turn ‘